Car Insurance Rates Across Canada: Who’s Paying the Most and Why?
When we fantasize about buying a new car, we usually picture the keys being dropped in our hand, driving off the lot, burning down the tree-lined country road or cruising a downtown strip. Rarely do we envision sitting at a desk and paying for car insurance. That’s not quite as exciting. But proper automobile insurance is as important to the car owning experience as filling up your gas tank.
Legally, you need insurance to be on the road – for your own protection and the protection of others. We as Canadians pay a substantial amount for this protection, depending on your province and a host of other factors (age, driving record, car model, etc.).
Unfortunately, car insurance rates have been on the rise, and for many, it’s never been more challenging—from an affordability standpoint—to get coverage. Let’s take a look at the variation between the average car insurance rates across Canada, examine where rates have been on the rise, and see if there’s hope for a trend reversal.
Please note: IBC calculate the average premium in each province by dividing total premiums per province by total personal vehicles per province.
IBC Source: GISA & MSA data for private insurers (as of December 31, 2018), SGI Annual Report (2018), MPI Annual Report (2018), Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ), and ICBC Service Plan (2019)
*Ontario figure updated February 2020 by Canada Drives to reflect 1.56% average increase.
Click your province to learn more about insurance prices in your area:
- British Columbia
- Newfoundland & Labrador
- Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & PEI
British Columbia – $1,832
Let’s start with the bad news first. Drivers in Canada’s westernmost province pay the highest insurance rates in Canada, averaging just over $1,800 a year. That’s up over $700 since 2015 – a whopping 63% increase in less than five years! Unlike other provinces, BC’s insurance is run by a crown corporation (ICBC), so if you don’t like those terms, tough stuff because it’s the only game in town.
ICBC’s rates have been a hot topic in BC recently with young drivers getting hit the hardest. The province says the reason rates have dramatically increased is due to a spike in costs for the insurer, including injury claims, lawsuits, and vehicle repair liabilities. That’s cold comfort for BC drivers seeing their rates heading north.
There has been a push to add private insurers in the province, offering more options and competition as a way to bring down rates, but so far BC doesn’t seem too interested in giving up its car insurance monopoly.
But there’s also good news!
In February 2020, the B.C. government announced the introduction of the no-fault system. With no-fault insurance, crash victims can no longer sue for damages unless the accident was caused by street racing, negligence, impaired driving, or defective/poorly repaired vehicles. Instead, affected people will receive benefits & compensation directly from ICBC. It means that B.C. drivers will enjoy a 20% decrease in basic and optional rates after May 1st, 2021. Until that time comes, ICBC’s rates will not increase.
ICBC are also offering discounts for those who drive minimally (low kilometre use, for example), have cars with autonomous emergency braking systems, and anti-theft devices.
Ontario – $1,528
Ontario—the most populous province—is the second most expensive province when it comes to car insurance. Driving up and down the 401 doesn’t come cheap; the average auto insurance in Ontario is over $1,500 a year. In 2015, Ontario was the most expensive with average premiums of $1,281 per year, but its $247 hike doesn’t seem too bad in comparison to BC. Experts point to rampant fraud as the main reason rates are up. Generous accident benefit laws have also factored.
Vehicle insurance is compulsory in Ontario, but unlike BC you have the option to shop around for the best deal through private insurers. Take the time to compare brokers and get a rate that’s competitive for the coverage you need.
The Government of Ontario announced “transformative” measures last April but it doesn’t appear to be saving drivers money. In February 2020, an average 1.56% rate increase came into effect, sending the average premium from $1,505 to $1,528 by our calculations. Some insurance companies increased their rates by as much as 11%.
Alberta – $1,316
Known for big skies, Alberta has become a province of big premiums if you want to drive that shiny new F150 down Calgary Trail. Alberta car insurance rates are now the third most expensive in Canada with an average yearly premium of $1,316. That’s a $300 increase since 2015 ($1,004) when Alberta was fifth in the country. Whatever happened to the “Alberta Advantage”?
The previous provincial government limited private auto insurers to a maximum 5% annual rate increase, but Alberta’s newly-elected UCP government has scrapped that, much to the satisfaction of insurance companies. So, it seems unlikely rates will be going down anytime soon.
Saskatchewan – $1,235
Another province with long prairie roads between destinations, Saskatchewan has seen semi-modest increases to its insurance rates for drivers. In 2015, Saskatchewan drivers were paying a yearly average rate of $1,049. Now, it’s $186 more on average.
Similar to BC, Saskatchewan operates on a provincially run auto insurance agency (Saskatchewan Government Insurance), so, unfortunately, you pay whatever they ask for. No shopping around. All drivers in the province are required to carry third-party liability insurance of up to $200,000, but a report released in May warns that a significant portion of drivers are in the province are “underinsured”.
Newfoundland & Labrador – $1,168
For a relatively small population, Newfoundland & Labrador is seeing some of the biggest rate jumps in the country. Rates in Newfoundland & Labrador have spiked 55% over five years to sit fifth on our list and highest in Atlantic Canada – 35% more than Maritime neighbours. What’s the cause? Some point to large awards for relatively minor injuries as the culprit. Newfoundland and Labrador operate under the “tort system,” which means you can sue an at-fault driver for your pain and suffering, wage losses, and other damages related to an accident.
Manitoba – $1,140
The land of a thousand lakes is also the land of just over a thousand dollars per year for insurance. Relative to other provinces, Manitoba is middle-of-the-road with an average premium of $1,140.
The spacious prairie province operates similar to its neighbour and BC, with a crown corporation issuing car insurance. BC even designed their recent no-fault system on Manitoba’s model. Due to the government-owned monopoly, there’s no recourse (other than not driving) if you don’t like your insurance rate. On the bright side, the province’s auto insurance division (MPI) is proposing a 0.9 decrease in rates – the first overall rate reduction in eight years.
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & PEI
This trio of Maritime provinces has all experienced relatively modest increases in yearly average auto insurance premiums.
Nova Scotia, now at $891, has jumped from $735 over five years, while New Brunswick has gone from $728 to $867 over the same time period. Prince Edward Island saw the biggest jump, from $695 in 2015 to an $861 average today.
Quebec – $717
Here’s one of the rare instances where being at the bottom of a list is the best position. The drivers of La Belle Province enjoy the most affordable rates in the country – less than half of what drivers in BC and Ontario pay on average. And it gets even better – the rates are not going up and the same pace as other provinces. Quebec paid on average $642 in 2015 and now they’re paying only $75 more on average.
So why are rates so low in Quebec? According to some, Quebec’s insurance regulations are not as strict as other provinces. Plus, there are limits the province puts on bodily injury claims, which lead to lower rates for drivers. They also use a combo or public and private insurers, so you can shop around for the best deal.
Since premiums vary across Canada, and certain provinces require that vehicle owners obtain certain insurance packages, comprised of mandatory coverage – you can see just how different the car insurance climates remain throughout Canada. Ultimately, you will need to be aware of the specifications for your region, as well as knowing what you can do to help reduce your own costs.
How to get cheaper car insurance
In most provinces, there is certain criteria that will be taken into account when you apply for car insurance. It’s important to know that a lot of the factors used to calculate your premiums are out of your control.
But aside from moving to a different province, some factors are within your control. The following tips can help you get cheaper car insurance:
- Shop around, ask for quotes, and compare prices. Be prepared to haggle, negotiate, and pit insurance providers against each other. They’re competing for your business, so make them work for it. Unfortunately, if you’re in BC, Saskatchewan, or Manitoba, this strategy is of no use to you.
- Only pay for the coverage you need. As mentioned, some coverage is mandatory under Canadian law, such as liability and comprehensive. But, if your province’s mandatory coverage permits, you may want to consider dropping something like collision coverage if your vehicle has a low resale value.
- Combine insurance. If you already have home insurance, you might be able to merge it with vehicle insurance to get a better deal.
- Choose the right car. Cars with adequate safety features (i.e. airbags, brake assist), high crash-test scores, and less powerful engines tend to have cheaper insurance rates. Commonly stolen makes and models are also more expensive to insure.